The Comprehensive Eye Examination
An eye exam is different from a vision screening, which only tests vision and is commonly performed by a school nurse, pediatrician or other health care provider. Only an eye doctor can perform a comprehensive eye exam to evaluate the overall health of the eye and detect any changes that may indicate a vision disorder.
An eye exam is a series of tests that examine all aspects of the eye and may include:
- Visual field test
- Glaucoma test
- Slit-lamp examination
These tests are performed in the doctor's office and are safe for all patients.
- Cover test
Treatment After a Comprehensive Eye Examination
After completing the comprehensive exam and coming to an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will develop a treatment plan based on the findings of the exam. This treatment plan may include:
- Vision therapy
- A prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses
- Eye vitamins
- Vision supplements
Common Eye Conditions Found During a Comprehensive Eye Examination
The most common eye conditions diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam involve refractive errors that cause blurry vision for patients. These conditions affect millions of people in the United States and often get progressively worse as patients age. Fortunately, refractive errors can be easily treated to let patients enjoy clear vision at all distances.
Also known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, is a condition of the eyes in which nearby objects are clear and distant objects appear blurry. Almost a third of people in the United States experience some degree of nearsightedness.
Also known as farsightedness, a condition of the eyes where the focus on distant objects is better than the focus on objects closer to the eye, so nearby objects appear blurry. The eye is designed to focus images directly on the surface of the retina; with hyperopia, light rays focus behind the surface of the retina, producing a blurry image.
Astigmatism occurs when the cornea - the clear covering over the eye - is slightly irregular in shape, preventing light from focusing properly on the retina in the back of the eye. With astigmatism some of that light focuses either in front of or behind the retina, resulting in vision that may be blurry for either near or far vision or, for all objects.
All of these vision conditions can be effectively treated with either eyeglasses or contact lenses. Eyewear may be used during certain activities, such as watching television or driving, or at all times.Our patients are given a wide selection of eyeglass frames, lenses and contact lenses to choose from in our Optical Shop. A full service lab is available to prepare the lenses for patients while they wait.